Tuesday, October 19, 2010
3 Qualities of the Student and 10 Qualities of the Guru
Source: Fifty Verses of Guru Devotion by Ashvagosha:
3 Qualities of the Good Student with the Analogies of the Cup:
1) The upside-down cup. Incapable of taking in the teachings.
The student should be open-minded and receptive to teachings.
2) The contaminated cup. Wrong motivations and views corrupt and distort the teachings.
The student should be discriminating and critical of their own and other's wrong views. They should have a sincere motivation when receiving teachings, rather than being motivated by gain or fame.
3) The leaky cup. Incapable to retaining the teachings.
The student should be enthusiastic and determined to listen, reflect, meditatate upon and retain the wisdom being taught to them.
10 Qualities of the Guru according to the Fifty Verses on Guru Devotion by Ashvagosha
1) Stable means that he should have very subdued actions of body; he should abstain from non-virtuous actions of body, keep his bodily actions proper and moral; immutable.
2) Cultivated refers to his speech; he should abstain from non-virtuous actions of speech, keep proper morality of speech, not hurt others by means of speech, sharp words, etc.
3) Mentally, he should abstain from the three non-virtuous actions of mind as well as from pretentiousness; his mental attitude should be very pure. He should possess intelligence and discretion; if he doesn’t, he can’t lead us on the path to liberation.
4) He should possess the three types of forbearance, or patience:
· forbearance of harm received from others;
· the ability to endure hardship; and
· the ability to hear profound teachings without being terrified.
5) He should be true and unbiased, or impartial; not biased towards near relatives or repulsed by enemies; he should be even-minded towards all sentient beings.
6) He shouldn’t be pretentious or conceal his shortcomings. Pretentious means pretending to have supernatural knowledge that he doesn’t have and concealing his shortcomings means always trying to hide his faults from others, especially with the intention of getting offerings.
7) He should have the power to drive out interferences by means of mantras and tantric practice.
8) He should be able to practice medicine, which actually means to help and benefit others by means of his teachings; to really pacify them.
9) He should possess great compassion, the wish that all sentient beings’ suffering be alleviated.
10) He should have profound knowledge of the scriptures, especially the Tripitaka.
10 Qualities of a Guru according to the Guru Puja (Mentor Worship) by the First Panchen Lama Lobsang Chokyi Galtsen
Sourse: Lama Zopa's Online Entry on Guru Devotion
1. Discipline as a result of his mastery of the training in the higher discipline of moral self-control;
2. Mental quiescence from his training in higher concentration;
3. Pacification of all delusions and obstacles from his training in higher wisdom;
4. More knowledge than his disciple in the subject to be taught;
5. Enthusiastic perseverance and joy in teaching;
6. A treasury of scriptural knowledge;
7. Insight into and understanding of emptiness;
8. Skill in presenting the teachings;
9. Great compassion; and
10. No reluctance to teach and work for his disciples regardless of their level of intelligence.